Henry Cavendish Primary School

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Grammar, Punctuation and Spelling (GPS)

Grammar, Punctuation and Spelling (GPS)

Grammar and Punctuation

At Henry Cavendish, all coverage of GPS is allocated into year groups, as outlined in the National Curriculum.  GPS is planned into weekly writing so that appropriate grammatical or punctuation features are linked with particular writing genres and applied in context as well as being taught discreetly.



Spelling patterns and Common Exception Words are set as part of weekly home learning in every year group from Year 1 to Year 6. In Key Stage 1, weekly spelling lists link to the sounds that have been practised in phonics sessions that week and will include some words known in advance and some words that follow the spelling pattern, but are not known in advance. To help children prepare for the test, it is useful to practise a range of unknown words that follow the pattern. This strategy helps children to apply the rule independently in ‘real’ words rather than simply rote learning a single list.   

Statutory Assessment of GPS

At the end of Year 2, children are expected to meet a range of GPS requirements.  In order to help prepare them, they will take part in weekly ‘SPAGtacular’ lessons designed to build up their understanding of grammatical concepts and their confidence in using punctuation, including apostrophes, correctly.  They also undertake a spelling test as part of the SATs tests in the summer term. 


At the end of Year 6, children take a GPS test as part of their SATs, which includes spelling, punctuation and grammar, including grammar vocabulary.  The children prepare through both discrete teaching and contextual application of these skills throughout the year in build-up to the SATs  


Please click here for more guidance for parents on assessment at the end of Key Stage 1 and 2.